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Anarchism

Symbolic violence, protester’s violence, monopol on violence

There are many forms of violence that Romanians are confronting every day: government violence, capitalism violence, the symbolic violence that is used through the state or private institutions in order to creat the proper medium for the absurdities and crime of both – the state and the capital. It is imposible to live with the minimum wage of 570 lei per month when only the heat over the winter may rise to 300 lei per month, when the price for a small flat rise to 400.000 lei and the rent can reach 1.000 lei.  I should also mention the arrogance of Traian Basescu that is naming the working class – ‘lazy’; the arrogance of senator Iulian Urban that named the protestors – ‘worms’ and the arrogance that can be seen daily on the faces of the politicians and on the faces of those almighty businessman they protect, and that can get away with any crime they make. They have the monopol over violence, including physical violence when people’s voice rise.

Those that thrown bricks and Molotov cocktails represent a tiny part of the violence that people confront daily and their violence is a direct result of all the frustration accumulated in time, in a society ruined and leaded to poverty by the government and the cupidity of the capitalist class.

Mass media reports

There are a few clichés that are to be found in mass media reports:
– ‘Those that thrown bricks are football hooligans’. No one reported that among this ‘hooligans’ can be found middle class youth with university studies. The media reports tend only to discredit them and not to find and analyse the causes of their anger and although most of the protesters are peacefull this attitude will legitimate the government to repress them and to abuse them with more violence;
– ‘The number of gendarmes on the street must grow’. The number of gendarmes is already big and they are making victims including among elderly people;
– Some TV stations report a much smaller number of protesters;
– The press don’t reveal to the large public that protesters shout among others – ‘The only solution – another revolution!’.

Government reaction

– The government called the gendarmes from all over the country and placed them in the cities where protests are taking place;
– The government stoped a train, when people from another city – Craiova, wanted to come in Bucharest to support the protests;
– Under the reason that ‘they are making noise’, the police took in custody – only last night – over 70 persons and they arrested around 100 persons although there was no violent acts from the protesters.

What the government should know

These protests are against the system. What the government should know – is that the repression of these protests can be the prelude for the revolution.

Was ist die Anarcho-Syndikalistische Initiative in Rumänien?

Die anarcho-syndikalistische Initiative in Rumänien (Initiativa Anarho-Sindicalista Romania) ist ein anarchistisches Projekt, genauer – ein anarcho-syndikalistisches Projekt, gegründet, um die Prinzipien des revolutionären Syndikalismus zu propagieren.

Was sind unsere Grundsätze?

Unsere Grundsätze sind  dazu beizutragen, eine Kritik an den bestehenden Gewerkschaften zu entfalten, welche auf dem Arbeitsmarkt operieren und in einer undemokratischen Weise funktionieren, das bekanntmachen von libertären Ideen, die Solidarität mit der arbeitenden Klasse und anderen vom aktuellen System unterdrückten sozialen Gruppen und einen Beitrag für eine Formation einer anarcho-syndikalistischen Bewegung in Rumänien zu leisten.

Was exakt ist die I.A.S.R., und in welche Richtung will sie sich entwickeln?

Aktuell versuchen wir unser Projekt durch einen Newsletter bekannt zu machen. Dieser Newsletter hat die Aufgabe, unsere Position zur Gewerkschaftsbewegung darzustellen und zu erklären und für diejenigen, die interessiert sind, die Prinzipien, die unserer Initiative zugrunde liegen, aufzuzeigen, ebenso wie das Model einer sozialen und ökonomischen Organisation entsprechend der libertären Prinzipien.

Das I.A.S.R.-Kollektiv beabsichtigt die Teilnahme an sozialen Aktionen, um dadurch eine anarchistische Präsenz unter Gewerkschaftern bei Protesten und Demonstrationen, unter Minderheiten jeder Art, die einen anerkannten Status in der Gesellschaft anstreben, sicherzustellen, sowie generell dort, wo immer auch Aktionen anzutreffen sind, die Veränderungen herbeiführen wollen, um die Gesellschaft von der Tyrannei des Staates, des Kapitalismus und der Religion zu emanzipieren.

Die Anarcho-Syndikalistische Initiative beabsichtigt, Teil der Internationalen Arbeiter-Assoziation zu werden, mit deren Statuten und Prinzipien wir uns identifizieren. Dieser Anschluss rührt mehrheitlich aus der Erkenntnis der Wichtigkeit internationaler Solidarität. Wir glauben, dass der Beitritt zu solch einer Organisation zu einer besseren Aufnahme von Ideen unter den Mitgliedern der I.A.S.R. beiträgt und eine Quelle der Inspiration, abgeleitet aus der langen Tradition der Existenz dieser Organisation ist.

Was ist die Motivation für solch ein Projekt, und was will es erreichen

Die Gesellschaft ist in soziale Klassen gespalten, zwischen denen, die beherrschen und den Beherrschten. Ausgehend von der Überzeugung, dass die Privilegien Einiger der Grund des Missbrauchs und der Ungerechtigkeit sind, identifizieren wir, wo immer Hierarchie und Autorität ist, die Quelle des Bösen in der Gesellschaft, in der wir leben. Diese Formen illegitimer sozialer Existenz beinhalten das, was unser Schicksal bestimmt.

Also sollten Staat, Kapitalismus und Religion einer Überprüfung unterzogen werden, um zu prüfen, ob die von ihnen ausgeübte Autorität die Bedingungen erfüllen, die als Basis unserer Gesellschaft etabliert werden sollten.

Wir glauben, dass sie dies mehr als oft nicht tun, und ihre Aktionen sich gegen alle von uns wenden. Unsere Geschichte ist eine lange Abfolge von Missbrauch und Raubzügen, durchgeführt von denen, die mit Autorität ausgestattet sind.

Der Staat hat die Machtposition der Kontrolle über die Bildung, der Einimpfung von Unterwürfigkeit im Interesse seines Machterhalts und der ungehinderten Propagierung der Interessen der herrschenden Klasse inne, der Kapitalismus ist verantwortlich für die Schaffung einer ungleichen und ungerechten ökonomischen Gesellschaft. Die Religion ist verantwortlich für das Darstellen ihrer Dogmen als absolute Wahrheit und ihren Beitrag dazu, das soziale Elend zu ignorieren. All dies macht die eigenmächtigen Entscheidungen einiger gegen andere, direkt oder indirekt, möglich.

Angesichts des gesagten, kämpfen wir für eine Gesellschaft, horizontal organisiert, basierend auf nicht-hierarchischen Prinzipien, verbunden von einem Netzwerk freiwilliger Assoziationen, koordiniert durch direkte Demokratie, die untereinander in Übereinstimmung mit den Prinzipien des libertären Kommunismus kooperieren.

In diesem Sinne betrachten wir den Anarcho-Syndikalismus als das bestmögliche Modell der Organisation, beginnend am Arbeitsplatz wo wir die Macht haben, unsere Ideen auszutauschen, wo wir uns Gehör verschaffen können, wo wir handeln können und uns in andere Bereiche der sozialen Gesellschaft ausweiten können.

Anarcho-Syndikalistische Initiative in Rumänien

Initiativa Anarho-Sindicalista Romania

Siehe auch den Blog der I.A.S.R.

Vor wenigen Wochen hat sich in Rumänien eine Anarcho-Syndikalistische Initiative gegründet. Die GenossInnen betreiben einen aktuellen und sehr informativen Blog und haben sich zum Ziel gesetzt, den Anarcho-Syndikalismus in der rumänischen arbeitenden Klasse bekannt zu machen. Wir führten mit unseren Genossen der IAS Rumänien ein Interview.

 

AS-Info Romania: Mit Freude sehen wir, das nun auch in Rumänien mit der Anarcho-Syndikalistischen Initiative ein seriöser Versuch unternommen wird, den Anarcho-Syndikalismus unter den Lohnabhängigen bekannt zu machen. Was führte zur Gründung eurer Anarcho-Syndikalistischen Initiative? Wie seit ihr auf den Anarcho-Syndikalismus gestoßen?

IAS Romania: [Durch] Das Bedürfnis für eine authentische klassenkämpferisch-anarchistische und anarcho-syndikalistische Perspektive und ebenso die Legitimierung der libertären sozialistischen Tradition als Ganzes in der rumänischen Gesellschaft. Nach den ersten Gehversuchen mit einigen anderen Projekten empfanden wir, das die aktuelle anarchistische Szene in Rumänien den klassenkämpferischen Anarchismus ignoriert, den Klassen-Charakter des Anarchismus aberkennt und nichts anderes hinterlässt, als einen „alternativen Fashion und Lifestyle“ aus ihm zu machen. Wir dachten, das eine ideologisch motivierte Initiative geschaffen werden muss, eine Initiative die aktuelle Alternativen zu Kapitalismus und Staatlichkeit präsentiert. Wir sahen keine Alternativen in der aktuellen rumänischen anarchistischen Szene, keine ideologische Praxis, keine Einheit, nichts das einer aktuellen sozialen und politischen Bewegung ähnelt. Zum zweiten Teil der Frage; nun gut, ihr wisst wie sie sagen, AnarchistInnen werden nicht gemacht, sie werden geboren. Ich persönlich denke das Anti-Autoritarismus Teil der menschlichen Natur ist, genauso wie Gier oder Unterwürfigkeit gegenüber Autorität and ähnliche Dinge. Das Problem ist, das der Kapitalismus als ökonomisches System eine soziale Umwelt schafft, die Leute in diesem Weg formt, Eigenschaften wie Solidarität, Anti-Autoritarismus usw. werden weggestoßen für andere Eigenschaften, wie z.B. Unterordnung unter Autorität und Habgier. So denke ich, das ich schon immer ein Anarchist war, soweit meine Bedürfnisse reichen, doch der Kollaps des Neo-Stalinismus in Rumänien und die Auswirkungen eines wilden und barbarischen Kapitalismus, führten mich zur anarcho-syndikalistischen Vereinigung von Anti-Autoritarismus und Klassenlosigkeit.

AS-Info Romania: Gibt es eurer Meinung nach Erfolgsaussichten für die Entwicklung einer Gewerkschaft aus eurer aktuellen Initiative heraus? Was sind eure Ideen, die Initiative bekannter zu machen?

IAS-Romania: Die Initiative ist ziemlich neu, gerade einmal zwei Wochen alt, denke ich. Und interessant ist, so Neu wir auch sind, das dass Feedback das wir bekommen, wirklich gut ist, doch für jetzt können wir noch nicht an die Bildung einer Gewerkschaft denken. Die Initiative in ihrem jetzigen Zustand ist ein rumänisches anarcho-syndikalistisches Informations-Bulletin, und die Hauptabsicht davon ist, Aufmerksamkeit zu erzielen und vielleicht in naher Zukunft eine Gewerkschaft aus ihr heraus zu bilden. Die Initiative ist fürs erste also nur ein Beginn. Wir wollen uns ausdehnen und soziale Ziele verfolgen die von der rumänischen Arbeiterklasse verstanden werden können. Wir möchten alles aufgreifen, von den alltäglichen Arbeitskämpfen zu Alternativen bei Arbeitsproblemen bis schlussendlich Alternativen zum Kapitalismus insgesamt. Dies führt auch wieder zu ersten Frage zurück. In Rumänien hatten wir nie solch eine Initiative, die stalinistischen Parteien benutzen noch immer das ewiggestrige Argument (in dem Sinne: Früher war alles besser – Anm. AS-Info-Romania) und lassen Probleme der Arbeiterklasse unbeachtet und Menschen zurückblicken anstelle nach vorne, vorwärts zu einem neuen frischen Beginn.

AS-Info Romania: Nahezu jeden Tag haben Lohnabhängige und Erwerbslose neue Attacken der Regierung und des IWF auf den eh schon unakzeptabel niedrigen Lebensstandard zu ertragen. Was sind in euren Augen die angemessenen Mittel dafür, auf die fortgesetzten Verschlechterungen und Kürzungen zu antworten?

IAS-Romania: Wie ein alter Mann mir einmal sagte, sind arbeitende Menschen immer in einer ökonomischen Krise, und so sind diese, vom globalen Kapitalismus im Bündnis mit der Regierung angewendeten Maßnahmen nichts Neues für die rumänische Arbeiterklasse. Rumäniens Problem ist ein Welt Problem. Deswegen hat der Westen seine Augen auf uns gerichtet. Seit 20 Jahren haben wir dieselben Probleme. Es ist nicht das erste mal das der IWF Geld an uns leiht und wir schwere Kürzungen durchführen. In den letzten 20 Jahren war Rumänien in konstanter Krise, weder die quasi-verstaatlichte sozialdemokratische Agenda half uns, noch die liberale, die Resultate waren und sind dieselben, mehr erwerbslose Menschen, mehr Konzentration des Reichtums und größere Spaltung zwischen den Klassen. Die Opposition in diesem Land ist von reichen Geschäftsleuten kontrolliert und die von ihnen vorgeschlagenen Alternativen sind lächerlich. Alle Gewerkschaften stecken in den Taschen der Parteien, so dass die Opposition nicht wirklich eine Opposition ist. Ich denke, es gibt keine Hoffnung in Rumänien, eine breite Bewegung muss von anarcho-syndikalistischen Gewerkschaften gebildet werden, die zum Generalstreik und der direkten Übernahme aller Produktionsmittel übergehen. Arbeitende müssen ihre Arbeit und ihre Betriebe übernehmen und die Arbeiterselbstverwaltung auf allen Ebenen einführen. Wir müssen den Kapitalisten und Staatsanhängern zeigen, das arbeitende Menschen in der Lage sind ihr eigenes Leben ohne Staat und Kapitalisten zu führen.

AS-Info Romania: Welche Reaktionen habt ihr aus der kleinen anarchistischen Szene im Land auf eure Initiative erfahren? Habt ihr Unterstützung erfahren oder wurde die Idee des Klassenkampfs zurückgewiesen?

IAS-Romania: Wie ich bereits sagte, bis jetzt haben wir nur positive Rückmeldungen von einigen wenigen Leuten erhalten, doch wir wissen, das die Mehrheit der anarchistischen Szene hier um die Punk-Szene herum gebildet ist und keine Idee oder Interesse von/an klassenkämpferischem Anarchismus hat. Wie ich bereits zu Beginn über den Anarchismus in Rumänien sagte; die meisten selbsterklärten Anarchisten sind Punks, die mehr in Fussball-Hooliganismus involviert sind als in aktuelle Aktivitäten oder es sind Punks, die sich einem alternativen Lebensstil zugewendet haben – so das es hier keine ideologische Basis gibt.

AS-Info Romania: Habt ihr bereits öffentliche Aktivitäten unternommen um ArbeiterInnen über eure Initiative zu informieren und welcher Art waren die Reaktionen? Habt ihr ein Magazin oder eine andere Publikation?

IAS-Romania: Wie ich sagte sind wir noch sehr neu und noch immer in der Entwicklung. Wir sind nicht in einer Stadt konzentriert und dadurch ist es schwierig in Bewegung zu kommen. Doch in der nächsten Zukunft wollen wir die Herausgabe einer Publikation vorbereiten, ebenso wie die Agitation auf Arbeitsstätten und in Gewerkschaften. Aktuell versuchen wir Leute in der Initiative zusammen zu bringen so dass wir eventuell wirklich eine Gewerkschaft aufbauen können.

AS-Info Romania: Habt vielen Dank für das Interview und viel Erfolg mit eurer Initiative!

Die Homepage der IAS-Romania findet sich hier:

http://iasromania.wordpress.com/

A few weeks ago was founded in Romania the „Anarcho-Syndicalist Initiative“. The comrades run an actual and very informative Blog and set as an aim, the popularisation of Anarcho-Syndicalism inside the working class in Romania. We did an interview with our comrades from IAS Romania.

AS-Info Romania: We feel very happy to see, that with the Anarcho-Syndicalist Initiative there is now also in Romania  a serious attempt to make Anarcho-Syndicalism popular among the wageworkers. What led to the foundation of your anarcho-syndicalist initiative? How did you encounter Anarcho-Syndicalism?

IAS-Romania: The need for a genuine class struggle anarchist and anarcho-syndicalist perspective in Romania and also to legitimize the libertarian socialist tradition as whole in Romanian society. After dabbling with some other projects we felt that the current anarchist scene in Romania ignores class struggle anarchism depriving the class nature of anarchism and leaving nothing but an “alternative fashion and lifestyle”out of it. We thought that an ideologically motivated initiative must be created, an initiative that presents actual alternatives to capitalism and statism. We saw no alternatives in the current Romanian anarchist scene, no ideological praxis no unity, nothing that can resemble an actual social and political movement. As for the second part of the question, well you know how they say, anarchists are not made they are born. I personally think that anti-authoritarianism is part of human nature as greed is or submission to authority is and things like that,the problem is that capitalism as an economic system creates a social environment that shapes people in this way,traits such as solidarity, anti-authoritarianism etc. are pushed away for other traits say,submission to authority and greed. So i think i always was an anarchist as far as my desires go,but the collapse of neo-stalinism in Romania and the effects of wild and crude capitalism,made me turn to anarcho-syndicalism’s blend of anti-authoritarianism and class equality.

AS-Info Romania: Are there in your opinion any prospects for the development of a union out of your current initiative? What are your ideas to make the initiative more popular?

IAS-Romania: The initiative is fairly new, only 2 weeks old, i think. And its interesting because it’s so new but the feedback we are getting from is pretty good, so for now we can’t think about building a union. The initative for now is a Romanian anarcho-syndicalist informative bulletin, but the main purpose of it, is to get attention and maybe in the near future build a union from it, so the initiative is just a start. We want to exapand and built a social agenda which can be understood by the Romanian working class, we want to adress everything from day to day labor struggles to alternatives to labor problems and at last alternatives to capitalism as a whole. This is can relate to question one, in Romania we don’t have such an initiative, the stalinist parties still use the same old back in the day argument wich let’s working class issues unattended and let’s people looking back rather then looking onward, towards a new fresh start.

AS-Info Romania: Almost every day the workers and unemployed have to face new attacks by the government and the IMF under the circumstances of the already unacceptable low standard of living. What are in your opinion the suitable means to answer these ongoing deterioration and cuts?

IAS-Romania: As an old man told me once, working people are always in economic crisis, so these measures taken by globalized capitalism in league with the government are not new for Romania’s working class. Romania’s problem is a world problem now that’s why the west has her eyes on us . For 20 years we have the same problems, its not the first time the IMF loans money to us and we implement heavy cuts . Romania for the past 20 years was in constant crisis, neither the quasi-statist social democratic agenda helped us nor the liberal one, the outcomes were and are the same, more unemployed people more concentration of wealth and more division among classes. The opposition in this country is controlled by wealthy bussiness people and the alternatives given by them are laughable, all unions are in the pockets of the parties, so the opposition is not really an opposition. I think there is no hope in Romania , a popular movement must be built by anarcho-syndicalist unions going for general strike and direct takeover of all means of production, working people must take over their businesses and their workplaces and implement worker’s self management at all levels, we must show the capitalists and statists that working people are capable of running their own lifes without the state nor the capitalists.

AS-Info Romania: Which reactions have you received from the small anarchist scene of the country on your initiative? Have you felt supported or was the idea of class-struggle rejected?

IAS-Romania: As i already said, until now its only positive feedback from the few people we know but most of the anarchist scene here is based around the punk scene and has no idea nor interest in class struggle anarchism. I said at question one about anarchism in Romania, most self proclaimed anarchists are punk’s involved in football hooliganism rather then actual activism or punk’s involved in alternative lifestyles so there is no ideological basis here.

AS-Info Romania: Have you already taken action of publicly informing workers about your initiative and which where the reactions received? Do you have a magazine or another kind of publication?

IAS-Romania: As i said, we are very new so we are still expanding, we are not concentrated in one city so its hard to move, but in the near future we are preparing for a publication and agitation inside workplaces and unions. At this stage we are trying to bring people together on this initiative so we can eventually create an actual union.

AS-Info Romania: Thanks a lot for this interview. We wish you success with your initiative!

The Homepage of the Anarcho-Syndicalist Initiative can be reached here:

http://iasromania.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Der grundlegende Text „Anarchie“ des italienischen Anarchisten Errico Malastesta wurde nun vollständig in die rumänische Sprache übersetzt. Auf dem Blog des Genossen Salpetru, der zuvor auch schon den Text „Über den Anarchismus“ von Nicolas Walter übersetzte und veröffentlichte, steht er zum Lesen und weiterverbreiten bereit.

Link: http://salpetru.wordpress.com/2010/10/21/anarhia-un-pamflet-de-errico-malatesta/

Anarhia: un pamflet – de Errico Malatesta

Anarhia este un cuvant care vine din greaca si semnifica, strict vorbind, “fara guvernamant”: starea oamenilor fara nicio autoritate constituita.

Inainte ca o astfel de organizare sa fi inceput sa fie considerata posibila si dezirabila de catre o intreaga clasa de ganditori, astfel incat sa fie luata ca obiectiv al unei miscari (care a devenit acum unul dintre cei mai importanti factori in strategia sociala moderna), cuvantul “anarhie” a fost folosit in mod universal in sensul de dezordine si confuzie si inca este adoptat in acest sens de catre ignoranti si de catre adversarii interesati in a deforma adevarul.

Nu vom intra in discutii filologice, pentru ca intrebarea care se pune nu este filologica ci istorica. Interpretarea comuna a cuvantului nu face sa fie inteleasa gresit adevarata sa interpretare etimologica dar deriva din ea cauzand prejudiciul ca guvernul ar trebui sa fie o necesitate a organizarii vietii sociale si ca, in consecinta, o societate fara guvern trebuie sa fie dominata de dezordine si sa oscileze intre dominatia necontrolata a unora si razbunarea oarba a altora.

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9th November 2009 - antifascist demonstration in Iaşi.

In the town of Iaşi organised comrades of Actiunea Antifascista (Antifascist Action) an of the Federatia Anarhista (Anarchist Federation) an demonstration on the 9th of November 2009 against Fascism, Racism and all forms of discrimination. On the demonstration participated till 50 people. She was the only demonstration of this kind in Romania in 2009.

Iaşi (pronounced Jasch) is with approximativ 310.000 Inhabitants the fourth largest town in Romania. She is located in the Northeast of the Country, with around 20km distance to the border of Moldavia. Anarchist traces are to find there since the beginning of the 20th Century. Anarchist pamphlets got there published and distributed in the country. Beside other things got here on the 2. March 1895 the known Thinker of the violent free anarchism, Eugen Relgis (natural name Eugen Sigler) born.

In a detailed interview with Syndikalismus.tk report the Comrades about the demonstration, the situation of the anarchist movement in the country and the various difficulties, with witch they are confronted. On this place once more a heart full thank you to the comrades from Iaşi for the interview. Long live Anarchy. Traiasca Anarhia!

Interview with anarchist antifascists from Iaşi (Romania)

Syndikalismus.tk: You have done on the 9.11.2009 a demonstration in your town, Iaşi, against “Fascism, Antisemitism and all forms of discrimination”. Could you describe how the demonstration was? How many people participated? Was it possible to disseminate your opinions and beliefs among the people? How did the police act? Did the media report about your demonstration?

Actiunea Antifascista: First of all, we have to say that it is quite difficult here, in Romania, to organize a demonstration, especially a demonstration against racism and discrimination. You have to motivate very well your reasons for which you want to organize the demo, and it is completely weird to have to talk a lot, to debate a lot of stuff about racism, about the gipsies, the magyar minority, the neolegionaries, and to expose a lot a lot of reasons for which people should join the demo. I mean that we think that a healthy minded person wouldn’t need any complementary explanations for which he/she should join us.

In order to organize this demo, two weeks before the 9th of november, we had to go to the City Hall, to the Main Police Station and to the Gendarmerie to write exactly the same application so they can authorize our march. We built this antifa blog http://www.actiuneaantifascista.blogspot.com  and we displayed there some info about the fascist tendence from our country, the danger represented by the church, the media, the state. We handed out hundreds of flyers, we put a lot of announcements on the streets and in the universities, we sent a lot of e-mails. We even went to the Jewish Community from our town and invited them to the march, but only one guy from there came and joined us.

At the demo, we were about 40-50 people unfortunately. But we had 12 placards and one big placard for two persons, two black&red anarchist flags, and one big antifa flag (which we bought from Berlin, this summer). We also had two big black banners with red writings. The banners read “solidarity with the workers from China and Bangladesh” (we have some asian workers in our town) and “Racism is man’s gravest threat to man – the maximum of hatred for a minimum of reason”. We also had a speaking trumpet which proved to be very useful and noisy and some music – alerta antifascista/sin dios, keny arkana -la rage and some romanian anarchopunk music (the terror art band). We handed out a lot of flyers and the people from the streets seemed to be very nice to us. Some of them told us that this is a good ideea but we have to send a letter to Corneliu Vadim Tudor, the leader of PRM , the right extremist party, to make some fun of him. There were also few guys who passed near us with a fancy car, and they shouted at us ” heeey, what’s wrong with you guys? go hooome”.

The police wasn’t really ok with us. There were this guys holding the banners at their left side and 2 police cars were driving exactly near them, so it was sometimes impossible for the people from the streets to read the banners. One copper came to me and told me that “we are not allowed” to write on the placards “Fuck Hitler! Fuck Stalin! Fuck Corneliu Zelea Codreanu!” but I didn’t listen to him, so his request was in vain. They also wanted to look very smart in front of us, talking real fast, mentioning some laws and stuff but they looked like fools when we showed them that we have the laws printed on some papers, so we know exactly what we do. After the demo, a comrade of us saw a guy entering a hotel with a green t-shirt which read POLIZEI. Of course, he was a german cop. But we can not understand why was him dressed like that, here, in Romania.

The media didn’t seem to be so interested about our demo. Only two local tv channels came there and only one newspaper called us. Anyway, we refused to give them interviews because they had a lot of racist news during this year, they presented a lot of ugly news about the gipsies, they associated the word anarchy with diseases, with catastrophic events and, of course, with chaos. So, one team of one tv channel left the demo, but the other seemed to be very interested about our demo. And they really presented quite good stuff about us on their news. They interviewed two persons from the street, who were very enthusiastic about our action and one activist girl from France. Also, that newspaper presented good stuff about us.

Syndikalismus.tk: Which is the situation of Neonazis (to be more precisely Neolegionaries) and Fascists in Romania? Are they present and active in the public? How do you think they can be stopped?

Actiunea Antifascista: The problem with fascism in Romania is that almost everybody has fascist thoughts. If you ask somebody on the street “are you a fascist?”, he/she says “no, I’m not, what the fuck”, but “what do you think about the gipsies or the magyars, or about the gay people ?” he/she says “I can not see the connection between fascism and the gipsies. Hitler is dead anyway, so there is no more fascism. And, about the gipsies. I hate those shity people, burn them, get them out of our country, let’s send them to work for us. The magyars should learn to talk romanian, because this is Romania, not Hungary, otherwise, they should go to Hungary. And the gay people are some fucking freaks. Shoot them!”. Hardly can you meet somebody who doesn’t hate gipsies. The media is also guilty for this.

Without God, without Rulers. Sticker of the Anarchist Federation.

The neonazis and the neolegionaries doesn’t seem to be in very good realationships. Usually, they hate each other, they even had some fights – because most of the neonazis are atheists and the ND is christian. But some neonazis also joined a demo of the ND, in Bucuresti. There are a lot of neonazis in the soccer team galleries from Timisoara and Bucuresti, and a lot of them are also in Bacau ( near Iasi! ). But there are more neolegionaries than neonazis. The New Right (Noua Dreapta) , the neolegionaries organization, is very active in Bucuresti, Cluj, Timisoara and Galati. In Iasi there are only about 20-30 of them, but there are also a lot of rockers who support them, but who do not agree with all of their ideas, and also who do not agree with all the neo nazi ideas. The leader of Noua Dreapta is a lawyer in Bucuresti, he is about 30 years old. A lot of the ND members are about 30 years old people, with families and kids, but there are also some big  skinheads, about 25 years old or so.

The antifa demo from Iasi, was the only antifa demo in the country! In all the other towns, the antifa & the anarchists had problems with the ND, but they had problems especially with the SRI ( The Romanian Information Service – Serviciul Roman de Informatii ). We think that the ND is supported by SRI. For example, in 2008, when some antifa from Bucharest went to the City Hall to get the authorization for the antifa march, the ND leader was already in the city hall, laughing at them. They didn’t receive the authorization for the march, they received an authorization only for a static demo, they had to stay in a small area and everybody who came there was stopped and searched by the police.

The ND is quite active. They have a lot of actions, they also seem to have a lot of money – probably from Forza Nuova, from Italy and from NPD, from Germany. They seem to be in good relationships. They are very populist, especially in this last year. I think they aren’t as many as in 2000, at their beginning. On the 24th of january 2010, they will probably come to Iasi – all of them! They also came this year and they were drinking on the streets ( in romania you are not allowed to drink on the street) and they were really noisy. They saw a comrade of ours, an anarchist, and they shouted at him ” heeey, you commuuunist!”, but, fortunately, he got out of that area. They also covered a lot of graffiti and writings from the walls from the city center, in the day light! And if we want to make a graffiti, we have to go in the night, to be very careful, especialy because one of us was even beaten by the police because he did a graffiti near the police station. The worst part is that the police was really expecting him to do the graffiti and there were about 5 police cars in the area waiting for him and they also knew his name and his adress.

But, the most funny thing happened when we reached the meeting zone, at 12:00 pm. Then, one neolegionarie came there – a really retarded one – with a small piece of carton which read “god is the master of our country. long live the legion and the captain.” the legion refers to the fascists from the interwar period from our country, the captain (Corneliu Zelea Codreanu) being their leader. We all shouted at him and I wanted to beat him but the police was there also. He started to panic and he was requesting to the police officers to fine me because I told him to go to his mother’s gods, it sounds very funny and not polite in romanian. But the police was also scared because we were all masked up, dressed in black, and shouting. They got the fascist out of there, and after this, we started to march. There really was something bizarre at this fascist. You will laugh at him. We all believe that he has some real skizo problems, mentally deranged or something, a real kamikaze.

I think, in Iasi at least, we have to beat every ND member and to terrorize their neighbourhoods with antifa graffiti and we definetly need more anarchists.

Syndikalismus.tk: Many demonstrations are “against” something. What are the aims of Actiunea Antifascista? Which kind of society do you want to reach?

Actiunea Antifascista: Well, this is the most difficult question I think. We aren’t really a homogenous group if we speak about our political or philosophical views, so it is a little difficult for me to speak for all the other people.

There are some neomarxists, some anarcho-communists, some anarcho-individualists, some anarcho-primitivists, some of us are just antifa, some of them are anticapitalists and antiwar activists bur are not anarchists, some anarcha-feminists. For example, I am an anarchist, I really believe in anarcho-communism and in anarcho-primitivism. A lot of us are vegetarians also, and some of us are vegans.

But, most of us believe that Actiunea Antifascista (die antifaschistische aktion) wants to destroy the ND, the church,wants to do some direct actions against the pro-fascist media, wants to display a lot of info about the danger of racism because there is a huge lack of info about anticapitalism, anarchism, antifascism.

I don’t really know in exactly what kind of society would like all the others to live , but of course that society would be without capitalism, without parliamentarism, without classes, without pollution and without fascism.

For example, I believe in Proudhon’s idea that a revolution needs centuries to be done, for the people to change. But I do not just wait for them to change or I do not just wait for the great revolution to come, I believe in the revolution of the everyday life, in the direct action. I would like to see the destruction of all this “civilization”, of all the states, all the churches all the police stations, all the armies, all the fascist organizations, all the schools. I believe that anarchists can create healthy communes but I don’t think that the other people would be so enthusiastic about anarchy, some of them have a really slaves mentality, this is why I believe in Proudhon’s theories. These people need a lot a lot of time to change themselves. They have deviated a lot from their nature, from their instincts. If somebody just sets them free, they would be like a wild animal who had been kept in a cage all his life, and when he goes into the wild, he is very weakened and he probably dies. That’s why I do not believe in ideologies, because they suppose they can decide what’s the best way of life for everybody, and I do not consider anarchism an ideology. Anarchism is not about deciding what’s the best solution for all the individuals in the world, but about deciding what’s to be done when there is no best solution for everybody, when there is no good government. Anarchism is about direct action, about free initiative of the individual.

But, of course, there is no point in elaborateing all the anarchist theories because you all know them.

Syndikalismus.tk: Fortunately in your Logo the bigger flag is the black one. Which is your relation to the anarchist movement? Are there in Iaşi any anarchist or anarcho-syndicalist groups?

Actiunea Antifascista: The Antifa movement in Iasi and the anarchist movement are almost the same. I mean, you can hardly talk about an anarchist movement in Iasi, as long as there are about 10 or 20 anarchists at the maximum, here. We also built an anarchist blog : www.federatia-anarhista.blogspot.com in order to display more info about anarchism. The others antifa, who aren’t anarchists, are in good  relationships with us, but they aren’t so involved, so active in fighting fascism or capitalism. Anyway, we organize together a Food Not Bombs action once a month. We also built a blog for this action to display more info about antimilitarism and vegetarianism : www.hrananubombeiasi.blogspot.com

As far as we know, there are no anarcho-syndicalists in this town. There was a kind of a beginning of an anarcho-syndicalist movement, a few years ago, at a steel factory from this town.But this movement was more syndicalist than anarchist. Anyway, it was one of the most active and serious syndicalist movements from Romania. But, this movement ended in 2000 when the trade union leader was killed with a knife, by two guys, at the entrance of his block of flats. It’s about Virgil Sahleanu, who organized a lot of strikes and demonstrations. It is curious that the ND movement was founded also in 2000, but we don’t know if there are some real links between the start of a neolegionary movement and the end of a quite strong syndicalist movement. Probably the SRI  knows something!

Now, the syndicat of that steel factory has the name ” The Virgil Sahleanu Syndicat”, and there is even a book written about him – “The history of the first syndical assasination from Romania”. We can not say if they were really anarcho-syndicalists. For example, when we once visited this trade union, they were having a black&red flag, but when we asked them what’s with that flag ( hoping that they would say that it is an anarchist flag) the trade union leader told us that those colours are just some indian colours, some simbolical stuff, since the boss of the steel factory – Arcelor Mittal – is an Indian guy.

There are also some other anarchists from Iasi, who left the country – it is very obvious why – and now, some of them are in Italy, some of them live in squats in Austria, some of them are in the UK. There isn’t so much hope for the anarchist movement from Iasi, but we try to do our best. We are in good relationships with the Cambridge anarchists and the Sheffield anarchists from UK and we correspond a lot with them via e-mail.

It is quite hard being an anarchist here. I do not say that in other western countries it’s easier, but at least there are more people who understand what’s anarchism, at least, in those countries there were anarchists before (starting with 1848, 1871, 1900, 1968 etc.) and now, there are more anarchists in the western countries than there are here. In Romania, there was no anarchist movement in the history, only a few isolated individuals who were anarchists or who had anarchist thoughts. Now, if you say anarchy here, everybody thinks that it means chaos and nothing more. A lot of them don’t even know what’s that capitalism, what’s that fascism and a lot of them are ignorants and hypocrites. And I reffer here to the youth especially.

You are chased by the police if you put a sticker or an announcement and if they catch you they beat you, or at least they fine you. This also happens if they catch you doing graffiti. They stop you on the street almost everytime they see you, to check your identity card, and to ask you some stupid questions ” how are you mister…? Where do you go? Where do you come from? ” . Of course, you don’t change your identity card everyday, but they continue to stop you. Sometimes they even shout behind you “heeeeey, mister X, ( or mister Y, etc. – they usually know your full name and adress) , take care today, we will patrol in this area”. Some of us were stopped in the street, and taken to the police station to be fingerprinted and photographed. They motivated their action saying that there was a robbery in the area and we are suspects. Of course, there was no robbery in the area. On the 16th of October, for example, 5 of us, were taken to the police station because we were distributing some flyers against mcdonalds. We stayed at the police station for two hours. They took all the flyers from us and they asked us a lot of questions and after this they let us go. At school or at the university, a lot of teachers make fun of anarchism if they find out that there are some anarchist students. A lot of people won’t talk to you anymore if they find out that you are an anarchist. Most of them can not imagine a society without god!

That’s the main thing that scares them, that we are atheists.  Most of them even consider that they can not govern their own life, that they really need a leader. At the demo for example, a lot of people asked “who organized this? Who is your leader?” and I was trying to explain to them that there is no leader, we are anarchists,  we all organized this, not a single individual. There is no boss, no master. But most of them just couldn’t understand. “somebody must have payed you”, they use to say. “somebody is behind all this”.

Syndikalismus.tk: Thanks a lot for the interview and much success with your work.

[Note: This Interview between anarchist comrades from Iaşi and Syndikalismus.tk was done in November 2009. It was first published in german language on Syndikalismus.tk.] http://syndikalismus.wordpress.com/2009/11/12/interview-mit-anarchistinnen-aus-iasi-rumanien/

Eines der besten Bücher des englischen Anarchisten Nicolas Walter wurde von einem Bukarester Genossen ins rumänische übersetzt. „About anarchism“ (In deutsch unter dem Titel: „Betrifft Anarchismus“ 1978 erschienen) stellt die verschiedenen Strömungen des klassischen Anarchismus vor und veranschaulicht die anarchistischen Positionen zu Gott, Kirche, Eigentum und vielem anderen grundsätzlichem mehr. Auf Salpetru´s Blog finden sich die ersten beiden übersetzten Kapitel – die Einführung von Natascha Walter sowie das Vorwort der englischen Ausgabe von 2002. Die weiteren Kapitel werden Schritt für Schritt online gestellt.

Zu den ersten veröffentlichten Kapiteln geht es hier:

http://salpetru.wordpress.com/2010/06/24/1-despre-anarhism-introducere-de-natasha-walter-2/

http://salpetru.wordpress.com/2010/06/24/2-despre-anarhism-nota-la-editia-din-2002-introducere-la-editia-originala-a-lucrarii-despre-anarhism-2/

Das Inhaltsverzeichnis von „Despre Anarhism“

I. Ce cred anarhistii ………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • Liberalism si socialism …………………………………………………………………………….
  • Democratie si reprezentare ……………………………………………………………………….
  • Stat si clasa sociala …………………………………………………………………………………..
  • Organizarea si birocratia …………………………………………………………………………..
  • Proprietatea …………………………………………………………………………………………….
  • Dumnezeu si biserica ……………………………………………………………………………….
  • Razboi si violenta …………………………………………………………………………………….
  • Individul si societatea ………………………………………………………………………………

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