The year 2013 is ending with protests in Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Timisoara and other tens of cities all over Romania. These are the biggest protests from 1989, that brought in the street tens of thousands of people, a performance that was not reached in 2010 when the government cuts (one of the most severe in Europe) affected so many people. The issue now is not an economic but an ecological one.
From September 2013 in Bucharest there was large protests and marches that reached from 15.000 to over 30.000 participants. Other big cities from the country gathered thousands.
Protesters demand from the government to stop the gold mining project from Roșia Montană, a project that will produce the largest cyanide pit from Europe. The Canadian company (Gabriel Resources) will use – in case that the project will start – over 13.000 tons of cyanide per year for 14 years while in the whole Europe are used only 1.000 tons of cyanide per yeari. However these protest are strongly anti-system, slogans against all political parties being heard oftenii. Protests had no hierarchical structure nor leaders.
From the beginning the media have ignored or minimize these protests, some TV producers even insulting the protesters. That, says the protesters – due to the massive advertisements paid by Gabriel Resources company that bought the main media channels. It must be said that these media channels have continued to transmit publicity pro mining project even after the National Audiovisual Council had forbid them. After several offending labels used by mass-media and by the government to discredit the protests, the director of Romanian Secret Service (SRI) – George Maior – announced at the end of September that 500 reports on eco-anarchist “extremists” were written by SRI, suggesting that an anarchist activity is taken place among the protests. The result was contrary – instead of retreating many protesters called themselves “eco-anarchists”. Unfortunately groups of nationalists are also visible at protests even if they are in minority. It must be said that after attempting to label participants as legionars (Romanian fascists), a label thrown by government officials that was intend to mystify, the mayor of Bucharest approved on 10th of November participation of a fascist faction at the protests even if the Romanian law don’t require any “approval” for participating at a protest.
There were only 12 fascists present, including 2 children, and they was protected by a group of gendarmes. Their tiny group was isolated by the other participants in the protest. However this attempt – that took place right after the national day for remembrance the holocaustiii show clear that government is ready to turn to fascism if the people represents any threat for the privileges of the ruling class.
In October the attention was drawn to Vaslui, Pungești – one of the poorest are of the country. On 16th October 5 peasants that were protesting against the exploitation of shale gas (hydraulic fracturing) by Chevron company were hospitalized after the brutal intervention of the gendarmes. Protesters from all over the country took the way to Pungești in solidarity with the peasants that refuse to let Chevron to poison their land. The police was trying to block the roads making difficult for others to reach Pungești.
On 7th December about 500 persons rebelled against Chevron.
After this incident took place the government declared Pungești as “special security zone”.
In Moșna, Sibiu activists and residents also raised up against the hydraulic fracturing and removed the cables that was installed for prospecting.
“The Economist”iv present Romania as being at high risk of social unrest in 2014.
2013 was a year of abuses that was coming from authorities. In 2013 the government shook hands with Capital against people, planning to poison them for profit of a few. In these conditions it would be fine for 2014 to be a year of social unrest.
iInstitutions like Romanian Academy and the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies shown in the past, scientific arguments (cultural; economic and ecologic arguments) against Rosia Montana Gold Corporation Project.
iiEx Minister of Culture, Răzvan Teodorescu declared that protests are dangerous because protesters oppose all political parties.
iiiOctober 9, 1941 was the day were Jews and Roma people from Romania started to be deported.